Portable X-ray fluorescence analysis of Armenian obsidian sources

Authors

  • Aleksan Juharyan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32028/ajnes.v12i1.892

Keywords:

Portable X-ray fluorescence analysis, obsidian sources, Armenia, pXRF

Abstract

During recent years the most effective and practical method for volcanic glass, commonly called obsidian sourcing is portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF). In spite of the reliability of this method and the growing demand in recent years, the Armenian obsidian sources have been analyzed by using the above-mentioned analytical method only in the few studies.

References

Arazova, R.B. 2010. Obsidian in the productive activity of early farming communities of the Southern Caucasus, in: Hansen et al. 2010: 39-40.

Arazova, R.B., Mamedov, A.I. 1979. Sravnitel‘noe izučenie obsidiana iz neolitičeskix poselenij Azerbajdžana i mestoroždenij Zakavkaz‘ja. Izvestija AN Azerbajdžanskoj SSR, Serija istorii, filosofii i prava 3: 49-55 (in Russian).

Badalyan, R.S. 2001. Obsidian Južnogo Kavkaza: ekspluatacija istočnikov i rasprostranenie syirja, The Journal of the Centre for Archaeological Studies of the Georgian Academy of Sciences Supplement 4: 29-39 (in Russian).

Badalyan, R.S., Bigazzi, G., Cauvin, M.-C., Chataigner, C., Jrbashyan, R., Karapetyan, S.G., Oddone, M., Poidevin, J.-L. 2001. An international research project on Armenian archaeological sites: fission-track dating of obsidians. Radiation Measurements 34: 373-378.

Badalyan, R.S., Chataigner, C., Khol, L. 2004. Trans-Caucasian Obsidian: The Exploitation of the Sources and their distribution. ANES 12: 437-465.

Badalyan, R., Harutyunyan, A., Chataigner, C., Le Mort, F., Chabot, J., Brochier, J. E., Bălăşescu, A., Radu, V., Hovsepyan, R. 2010. The Settlement of Aknashen-Khatunarkh, A Neolithic site in the Ararat plain (Armenia): Excavation results 2004-2009. TÜBA-AR 13: 185-218.

Blackman, J., Badalian, R., Kikodze, Z., Kohl, P. 1998. Chemical characterization of Caucasian obsidian: geological sources, in: Cauvin et al. 1998: 205-231.

Cann, J., Renfrew, C. 1964. The Characterization of Obsidian and its Application to the Mediterranean Region. PPS 30: 111-133.

Cauvin, M.-C., Gourgaund, A., Gratuze, B., Arnaud, N., Poupeau, G., Poidevin, J.-L., Chataigner, C. 1998 (eds). L’obsidienne au Proche et Moyen Orient: du volcan a l’outil (BAR IS 738). Oxford.

Chataigner, C., Gratuze, B. 2013. New data on the exploitation of obsidian in the Southern Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia) and Eastern Turkey, Part 2: Obsidian procurement from the Upper Paleolithic to the Late Bronze Age, University of Oxford. Archaeometry 55: 1-22.

Cherry, J.F., Faro, E.Z., Minc, L.M. 2008. Field Exploration and Instrumental Neutron Activation analysis of the Obsidian sources in Southern Armenia. IAOS Bulletin 39: 3-6.

Demirci, Ş. Özer, A.M., Summers, G.D. 1994 (eds). The Proceedings of the 29th International Symposium on Archaeometry, Ankara 9-14 May: 69-86. Ankara.

Frahm, E. 2013. Validity of ‘of-the-shelf’’ handheld portable XRF for sourcing Near Eastern obsidian chip debris. JAS 40: 1080-1092

Frahm, E, Schmidth, B.A., Gasparyan, B., Yeritsyan, B., Karapetyan, S., Meliksteyan, Kh., Adler, D.S. 2014. Ten seconds in the Field: Rapid Armenian obsidian sourcing with portable XRF to inform excavations and surveys. JAS 41: 333-348.

Gale, N. 1981. Mediterranean Obsidian Source Characterisation by Strontium Isotope Analysis. Archaeometry 23/1: 41-51.

Hansen, S., Hauptmann, A., Motzenbäcker, I., Pernicka, E. 2010 (Hrsg.) Von Majkop bis Trialeti. Gewinnung und Verbreitung von Metallen und Obsidian in Kaukasien im 4. – 2. Jt. v. Chr. Bonn.

Karapetyan, S.G. 1972. Osobennosti stroenija i sostava novejšix liparitovyx vulkanov Armjanskoj SSR. Yerevan (in Russian).

Karapetyan, S.G., Jrbashian, R.T., Mnatsakanyan, A.Kh. 2001. Late collision rhyolitic volcanism in the north-eastern part of the Armenian Highland. JVGR 112: 189-220.

Keller, J., Djrbashian, R., Karapetyan, S.G., Pernicka, E., Nasedkin, V. 1994. Armenian and Caucasian obsidian occurrences as sources for the Neolithic trade: Volcanological setting and chemical characteristics, in: Demirci et al. 1994: 69-86.

Keller, J., Seifried, C. 1990. The present status of obsidian source identification in Anatolia and Near east. Journal of the European study group on Physical, Chemical, Biological and Mathematical Techniques Applied to Archaeology PACT 25: 57-87.

Lebedev, V.A., Chernyshev, I.V., Shatagin, K.N., Bubnov, S.N., Yakushev, A.I. 2013. The Quaternary volcanic rocks of Geghama Highland, Lesser Caucasus, Armenia: Geochronology, Isotope Sr-Nd Characteristics and Origin. JVS 7/3: 204-229.

Martirosyan-Olshansky, K. 2015. Provenance study of obsidian artifacts from the Neolithic settlement of Masis blur (Armenia) Using Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, Conference Paper University of California, Los Angeles.

Mkrtchyan, S.S. 1966 (ed.). Geologija Armjanskok SSR, Tom VII. Nemetalličeskie poleznye iskopaemye. Yerevan (in Russian).

Mkrtchyan, S.S. 1971 (ed.). Pozdneorogennyj kislyj vulkanizm Armjanskoj SSR. Yerevan (in Russian).

Oddone, M., Bigazzi, G., Keheyan, Y., Meloni, S. 2000. Characterization of Armenian obsidians: Implications for raw material supply for prehistoric artifacts. JRNC 243/3: 673-682.

Speakman, R.J., Shackley, M.S. 2013. Silo science and portable XRF in archaeology: a response to Frahm. JAS 40: 1435-1443.

Williams-Thorpe, O. 1995. Obsidian in the Mediterranean and the Near East: A Provenancing Success Story. Archaeometry 37/2: 217-248.

Published

01/01/2018

How to Cite

Juharyan, A. (2018). Portable X-ray fluorescence analysis of Armenian obsidian sources. ARAMAZD: Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 12(1), 66–76. https://doi.org/10.32028/ajnes.v12i1.892

Similar Articles

<< < 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.