‘Transitional Cases’, Allonymy, and the Use of Aramaic in the Early Neo-Assyrian Provincial Administration: The Example of Ilu-bāni/-ibni of Sūḫu

Authors

  • Alexander Johannes Edmonds

Keywords:

Allonymy, Aramaic, Early Neo-Assyrian Provincial Administration, early Neo-Assyrian period

Abstract

Scarce little is known of the organisation of annexed regions during the early Neo-Assyrian period (934-746 BC), or of the individual backgrounds of their governors. Reconstruction of the Assyrian provincial system and its high functionaries during this period is dependent upon the oft-fragmentary entries of the eponym lists (Millard 1994), the scant information provided by Neo-Assyrian royal inscriptions, a small surviving corpus of administrative documents, and other chance textual finds, usually inscribed objects from local officials.

References

Baker, H. D. 2000. Ilu-bāni, in H. D. Baker (ed.) The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Volume 2, Part I: Ḫ-K. (PNA 2/1): 526. Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project.

Brinkman, J. A. 1968. A political History of post-Kassite Babylonia (AnOr 43), Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute.

Cavigneaux, A. and B. K. Ismail 1990. Die Statthalter von Suḫu und Mari im 8. Jh. v. Chr. anhand neuer Texte aus den irakischen Grabungen im Staugebiet des Qadissiya-Damms. Baghdader Mitteilungen 21: 321–456.

Clancier, P. 2021. À l’ombre des grandes puissances de Mésopotamie. Une histoire du Sūhu à l’époque néo-assyrienne (CHANE 114). Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Dornauer, A. 2014. Das Archiv des assyrischen Statthalters Mannu-kī-Aššūr von Gūzāna. Tall Ḥalaf. (Forschungen der Max Freiherr von Oppenheim Stiftung 3/3). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Edmonds, A. J. in press. New Light on the Land of Sūḫu. A Review Article and new political History. Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 113/2.

Edmonds, A. J. 2021. Just a series of misunderstandings? Assyria and Bīt-Zamāni, Ḫadi-/Iḫtadi-libbušu, and aramaic in the early Neo-Assyrian state. AsiAnA 3: 73–91.

Finkel, I. L. and J. E. Reade 2019. A duck-weight from the reign of Tukulti-Ninurta II (890-884 BC). NABU 2019/1: 28 (p. 45–47).

Finkelstein, J. J. 1953. Cuneiform texts from Tell Billa. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 7: 111–176.

Folmer, M. 2011. Old and imperial Aramaic, in H. Gzella (ed.) Languages from the World of the Bible: 128–159. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter.

Frahm, E. 2023. Assyria. The Rise and Fall of the World’s first Empire. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Hoftijzer, J. and K. Jongeling 1995. Dictionary of the North-West Semitic Inscriptions (HdO, Section 1 The Near and Middle East, 21). 2 vols. Leiden/New York, NY./Cologne: Brill.

Holladay, J. S., Jr. 2006. Hezekiah’s tribute, long-distance trade, and the wealth of nations ca. 1000-600 BC. A new perspective, in S. Gitin, J. E. Wright, and J. P. Dessel (eds) Confronting the Past. Archaeological and Historical Essays on Ancient Israel in Honor of William G. Dever: 309–331. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press.

Kaufman, S. A. 1974. The Akkadian Influences on Aramaic (AS 19). Chicago/London: The University of Chicago Press.

May, N. N. 2022. ‏מִפְּנֵי מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר …‎ The imitators of the king and the empire, in J. Bach and S. Fink (eds) The King as a Nodal Point of Neo-Assyrian Identity (Kasion 8): 171–194. Münster: Zaphon.

Millard, A. R. 1994. The Eponyms of the Assyrian Empire 910-612 BC (SAAS 2). Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project.

Naveh, D. A. 2000. Ilu-ibni, in H. D. Baker (ed.) The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Volume 2, Part I: Ḫ-K (PNA 2/1): 528–529. Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project.

Postgate, J. N. 1980. The place of the šaknu in Assyrian government. Anatolian Studies 30: 67–76.

Postgate, J. N. 1992. The land of Assur and the yoke of Assur. World Archaeology 23 (Archaeology of Empires n°3): 247–263.

Radner, K. 2021. Diglossia and the Neo-Assyrian empire’s Akkadian and Aramaic text production, in L. C. Jonker, A. Berlejung, and I. Cornelius (eds) Multilingualism in Ancient Contexts. Perspectives from Ancient Near Eastern and Early Christian Contexts: 147–181. Stellenbosch: African Sun Media.

Reade, J. E. 1980. The Rassam obelisk. Iraq 42/1: 1-22.

Reade, J. E. 2018. Assyrian weights and money. Studies of Assyrian Archives Bulletin 24: 125–194.

Zadok, R. 1995. The ethno-linguistic character of the Jezireh and adjacent regions in the 9th-7th centuries (Assyria proper vs. periphery), in M. Liverani (ed.) Neo-Assyrian Geography (Quaderni di geografia storica 5): 217–282. Padova: Sargon srl.

Published

15/12/2023

How to Cite

Edmonds, A. J. (2023). ‘Transitional Cases’, Allonymy, and the Use of Aramaic in the Early Neo-Assyrian Provincial Administration: The Example of Ilu-bāni/-ibni of Sūḫu. Ash-Sharq: Bulletin of the Ancient Near East – Archaeological, Historical and Societal Studies, 7(2), 151–168. Retrieved from https://archaeopresspublishing.com/ojs/index.php/ash-sharq/article/view/2363

Issue

Section

Articles

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.