The project Groma was started in 2007 as a means of enhancing the experimental activities of the University of Bologna's Laboratories, the learning structures of the University in which academic topics are faced with a methodological and practical approach. The use of the name of Groma, a Roman tool for land surveying, is intended to be a reference to both antiquity and technology.

The first publications were two books, Groma 1 and Groma 2, dedicated to Archaeology in Piceno, Dalmatia and Epirus and to the Non-invasive methodologies and diagnostics applied to archaeology. The focus of these previous volumes and the main research used in them were methodological themes in relation to the Mediterranean basin and mostly the Adriatic areas.

The new open access peer-reviewed e-journal will further expand the range of the contributions to a wider methodological scope.

Archaeopress began publishing Groma in conjunction with the Department of History and Cultures, University of Bologna, in 2022.