Localized Ištar Goddesses and the Making of Socio-Political Communities: Samsi-Addu’s Eštar Irradan at Mari


  • Elizabeth Knott


Ištar-type goddesses, Mari (Tell Hariri), Old Babylonian period


The goddess Eštar Irradan is one of the many Ištar-type goddesses that populate the textual records of Mari (Tell Hariri) during the Old Babylonian period (ca. 1800-1600 BC). Yet this goddess has a particular history that associates her more closely with the passing ruler Samsi-Addu than the city itself. Textual references indicate that Eštar Irradan was associated with a location outside of Mari – probably the eastern city of Ekallatum, a city most likely located in the vicinity of Aššur on the Tigris River, and home to Samsi-Addu. First appearing in ritual and administrative records dated to the period in which Samsi-Addu controlled Mari (ca. 1792-1775 BC), Eštar Irradan’s presence in the palace’s documentation disappears during the reign of Zimri-Lim (ca. 1775-1764 BC). In this article, I propose that localized Ištar goddesses like Eštar Irradan were often invoked to construct and amplify social and political ties across space.


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How to Cite

Knott, E. (2017). Localized Ištar Goddesses and the Making of Socio-Political Communities: Samsi-Addu’s Eštar Irradan at Mari. Ash-Sharq: Bulletin of the Ancient Near East – Archaeological, Historical and Societal Studies, 1(1), 55–62. Retrieved from https://archaeopresspublishing.com/ojs/index.php/ash-sharq/article/view/753