Preliminary report on the faunal remains from Aragatsavan 1, Armenia


  • Noushig Zarikian
  • Sona Manukyan
  • Benik Vardanyan
  • Mariam Shakhmuradyan



Middle Bronze Age, Armenia, Aragatsavan, faunal remains, archaeozoological analysis


This paper presents the preliminary analysis of the zooarchaeological data from the settlement of Aragatsavan 1, Armenia. The excavation of the site is in progress and a complete stratigraphic sequence has not been obtained yet, while the excavated levels are dated to the second and third phases of the Trialeti-Vanadzor culture of the Middle Bronze Age period (19th -18/17th centuries BC). Taxonomic and metric analyses suggest that all the species are domestic. Sheep (Ovis aries) and goats (Capra hircus) constitute more than half of the number of identified specimens (NISP), followed by horses (Equus caballus) and cattle (Bos taurus). Pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) are scarce. Butchery and cut marks have been detected on many of the samples. A certain proportion of bones is burnt. As zooarchaeological data are not numerous for the Middle Bronze Age period of Armenia and South Caucasus, the faunal remains from Aragatsavan 1 are important. They provide new information on the subsistence economy in the region during the 3rd - 2nd millennia BC.


Barge, O., Perello, B., Régagnon, E., Noûs, C. (in press), Desert Kites and Aggregated Cells of Mt. Aragats (Armenia): Spatial Coincidences? QI.

Brochier, J. É., Barge, O., Karakhanyan, A., Kalantarian, I., Chambrade, M.-L., Magnin, F. 2014. Kites on the Margins: The Aragats Kites in Armenia. Paléorient 40/1: 25-53.

Brothwell, D., Higgs, E. (eds) 1969. Science in Archaeology. London.

Heptner, V.G., Nasimovich, A.A., Bannikov, A.G., Hoffman, R.S. 1988. Mammals of the Soviet Union, vol. I. Washington, D.C.

Hillson, S. 2009. Mammal Bones and Teeth: An Introductory Guide to Methods of Identification. London.

Shakhmuradyan, M. 2017. The Current State of Research on Desert Kites. AJNES 11/1-2: 17-47.

Silver, I. 1969. The Aging of Domestic Animals, in: Brothwell, Higgs 1969: 283-302.

Vereshchagin, N. 1967. The Mammals of the Caucasus. A History of the Evolution of the Fauna. Jerusalem.



How to Cite

Zarikian, N., Manukyan, S., Vardanyan, B., & Shakhmuradyan, M. (2020). Preliminary report on the faunal remains from Aragatsavan 1, Armenia. ARAMAZD: Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 14(1-2), 52–60.