Iškūz(a)

Authors

  • Ran Zadok

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32028/ajnes.v12i2.903

Keywords:

Iškūz(a), Neo-Assyrian, Ashkenaz

Abstract

The aim of this article is to prove that Neo-Assyrian Iškūz(a), biblical Ashkenaz, is not identical with Greek Σκύθαι, i.e. the Indo-Iranian Scythians. My refutation is based mainly on the occurrence of this name as early as the first half of the second millennium BC, even before the appearance of Indo-Aryans in the Near East, and long before the Indo-Iranians who are not recorded in Near Eastern texts prior to the 1st millennium BC. First I shall discuss the textual evidence for the land of Iškūz(a) and its inhabitants (Akkadian gentilic Iškūzāyu). Next, I will analyse the scholarly attempts to reconcile the Assyrian form with the Greek form. Thereafter, the evidence for the high antiquity of the name Iškūz(a) will be presented.

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Published

01/01/2018

How to Cite

Zadok, R. (2018). Iškūz(a). ARAMAZD: Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 12(2), 49–59. https://doi.org/10.32028/ajnes.v12i2.903

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