Recent investigations on the Early Bronze Age sites in the Marmarik River Valley as part of the Kotayk Survey Project
Keywords:Marmarik river valley, Early Bronze Age, Kura Araxes culture, Kotayk Survey Project, Armenia
Since 2013 an Armenian - Italian archaeological mission has been working in the Kotayk Province in Armenia with multiple purposes. One of these is the systematic investigation of the valley of the River Marmarik, the main tributary of the River Hrazdan, which is the main watercourse in the Central Armenia. The Marmarik valley is an area of great interest, both for its geographical characteristics and for the archaeological remains that have been found there over the years. In fact the area is characterised by the presence of gold, and some of the most important ores in Armenia, including iron and copper. This contribution presents and discusses the archaeological evidence relating to the first protohistoric phase, the Early Bronze Age, in the River Marmarik valley.
Badalyan, R.S. 2014. New data on the periodization and chronology of the Kura-Araxes culture in Armenia. Paléorient 40/2: 71-92.
Badalyan, R.S. 2021. From homogeneity to heterogeneity. The periodization and chronology of Kura-Araxes: The view from Armenia, in: Giemsch, Hansen 2021: 211-222.
Badalyan, R.S., Avetisyan, P.S. 2007. Bronze and Early Iron Age Archaeological Sites in Armenia, I. Mt. Aragats and its Surrounding Region (BAR International Series 1697). Oxford: Archaeopress.
Badalyan, R.S., Avetisyan, P., Smith, A.T. 2009. Periodization and chronology of Southern Caucasia: from the Early Bronze Age through the Iron III period, in: Smith et al. 2009: 33-93.
Biyagov, L.N. 1986. Material’naja kul’tura doliny reki Marmarik (époxi pozdnej bronzy – rannego železa) /(Material Culture of the Marmarik River Valley (Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages)/), Avtoreferat dissertatcii na soiskanie učënoj stepeni kandidata istoričeskix nauk (Abstract of the dissertation for the degree of candidate of historical sciences). Yerevan: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR (in Russian).
Dan, R., Cesaretti, A. 2021. Seeking refuge in mountain fortresses and temporary shelters: Approaching militarisation processes in the Van, Sevan and Orumiyeh Basins. AWE 20: 1-19.
Dan, R., Cesaretti, A. forthcoming. The rise of militarisation in the Van, Sevan and Orumiyeh Basins: The increase in conflicts and the birth of military architecture from protohistory to the emergence of the state. AWE 21.
Dan, R., Petrosyan, A, 2017. The Kotayk Survey Project: Preliminary report on 2015 fieldwork activities. Annali Sezione Orientale 77/1-2: 294-317.
Giemsch, L., Hansen, S. (eds) 2021. The Caucasus. Bridge between the Urban Centres in Mesopotamia and the Pontic Steppes in the 4th and 3rd Millennium BC. The Transfer of Knowledge and Technologies between East and West in the Bronze Age. Proceedings of the Caucasus Conference, Frankfurt am Main, November 28 – December 1, 2018 (Schriften des Archäologischen Museums Frankfurt 34). Frankfurt am Main: Verlag Schnell & Steiner GmbH.
Goginyan, S.Ye. 2005. Metalloproizvodstvo v drevnej Armenii (Metal Production in Ancient Armenia). Yerevan: GEOID (in Russian).
Iserlis, M., Greenberg, R., Badalyan, R., Goren, Y. 2010. Bet Yerah, Aparan III and Karnut I: Preliminary observations on Kura-Araxes homeland and diaspora ceramic technologies. TÜBA-AR 13: 245-262.
Khachaturyan, E.A., Gulyan, E.KH. 1967. Železo (Iron), in: Maghakyan et al. 1967: 24-71 (in Russian).
Kosyan, A., Avetisyan, P., Bobokhyan, A., Grekyan, Y. (eds) 2020. Armenian Archaeology. Past Experience and New Achievements (AJNES 10/1-2). Oxford: Archaeopress.
Kuftin, B.A. 1941. Arxeologičeskie raskopki v Trialeti. I: Opyt periodizacii pamjatnikov (Archaeological Excavations in Trialeti. I: The Experience of Periodization of Monuments). Tbilisi: Izdatel’stvo Akademii nauk Gruzinskoj SSR (in Russian).
Maghakyan, I.G., Amiryan, Sh.O. 1967. Zoloto (Gold), in: Maghakyan et al. 1967: 447-477 (in Russian).
Maghakyan, I.G., Mkrtchyan, S.S., Khachatryan, E.A., Pidjyan, G.H., Kocharyan, A.E. 1967. Geologija Armjanskoj SSR, tom 6 (Geology of the Armenian SSR, vol. 6). Yerevan: Izdatel’stvo Akademii nauk Armjanskoj SSR (in Russian).
Maghakyan, I.G., Mkrtchyan, S.S., Movsesyan, S.A., Karamyan, K.A. 1967. Molibden, in: Maghakyan et al. 1967: 123-190 (in Russian).
Petrosyan, A., Dan, R., Vitolo, P. 2020. The Kotayk Survey Project (KSP): An overview of the first six years of activities (2013-2018), in: Kosyan et al. 2020: 208-233.
Smith, A.T., Badalyan, R.S., Avetisyan, P. 2009. The Archaeology and Geography of Ancient Transcaucasian Societies, vol. 1: The Foundations of Research and Regional Survey in the Tsaghkahovit Plain, Armenia (OIP 134). Chicago: Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.
Zalibekyan, M.A. 1993. Zoloto drevnej Armenii (Gold of Ancient Armenia). Izvestija Akademii nauk Armenii, Nauki o Zemle 46/1: 68-72 (in Russian).