Newly discovered Early and Middle Bronze Age tombs in Shirak, Armenia

Authors

  • Hamazasp Khachatryan
  • Larisa Yeganyan
  • Levon Petrosyan

Keywords:

Shirak, Early Bronze Age, Middle Bronze Age, tombs, burial types, rituals, pottery, jewellery, tools

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the study of tomb materials accidentally discovered during excavations in the Shirak region in recent years. The first is the tomb excavated in the area of Azatan village, which is comparable in structure and materials to the complexes of the first stage of the Early Bronze Age, such as the tombs of Talin and Jrvezh, which date back to the third quarter of the 4th millennium BC. The other partially destroyed tomb is located in Ashotsk, the materials of which belong to the Early Kurgan and Trialeti (Tṙełk‘)-Vanadzor cultures. The materials of Azatan tomb are widening our knowledge of the poorly studied Trialeti-Vanadzor culture in Shirak. Of similar significance is the tomb of Aregnadem belonging to the terminal stage of the Trialeti-Vanadzor culture. Thus, the materials of the above-mentioned tombs complement the source basis for the study of different stages of the Early to Middle Bronze Age in Shirak.

References

Abrahamyan, V. 1956. Arhestnerə Hayastanum 4-18-rd darerum (Crafts in Armenia in the 4-18th Centuries). Yerevan (in Armenian).

Avetisyan, P., Muradyan, F. 1991. Pełumner T‘alini norakaṙuyc‘nerum (Excavations at the new buldings of Talin). DHAA 1989-1990: 26-28 (in Armenian).

Avetisyan, P., Muradyan, F. 1994. T‘alini dambaranadašti 1991 t‘. pełumneri ardyunk‘nerǝ (The 1991 results of the excavations of the cemetery of Talin). DHAA 1991-1992: 6-8 (in Armenian).

Avetisyan, P., Yengibaryan, N., Sargsyan, G. 1998. Hayastani norahayt hnagitakan hušarjannerǝ (Artašavani dambaranadašt) /(Newly discovered archaeological sites in Armenia (Artashavan necropolis)/). HA 1-12: 193-248 (in Armenian).

Avetisyan, P., Muradyan, F., Sargsyan, G. 2010. Early Bronze Age bural mounds at Talin, in Hansen et al. 2010: 161-166.

Badalyan, R., Avetisyan, P., Smith, A. 2009. Periodization and chronology of Southern Caucasia: from the Early Bronze Age through the Iron III period, in Smith et al. 2009: 33-93.

Dedabrishvili, S. 1979. Kurgany Alazanskoj doliny (Burial Mounds of the Alazani Valley). Tbilisi (in Georgian).

Devejyan, S. 2006, Loṙi Berd II (Miǰin bronz) /(Lori Berd II (Middle Bronze)/). Yerevan (in Armenian and French).

Gharibyan, I., Hakobyan, H., Gnuni, A., Khachatryan, G., Vardanesova, T. 2010. Bǰnii hušarjannerǝ (pełumneri ardyunk‘nerǝ) /(Monuments of Bjni (Excavation results)/). Hušarjan 6: 67-82 (in Armenian).

Gobedzhishvili, H. 1981. Bedeni – kul’tura kurgannyx pogrebenij (Bedeni – Culture of Kurgan Burials). Tbilisi (in Georgian).

Gogadze, E. 1972. Periodizacija i genezis kurgannoj kul’tury Trialeti (Periodization and Genesis of Kurgan Culture of Trialeti). Tbilisi (in Georgian).

Hansen, S., Hauptmann, A., Motzenbäcker, I., Pernicka, E. (eds) 2010. Von Majkop bis Trialeti. Gewinnung und Verbreitung von Metallen und Obsidian in Kaukasien im 4.-2. Jt. V. Chr. Bonn.

Kalantaryan, I. 2011. The Early Bronze complexes of Talin cemetery. Studii de Preistorie 8: 123-138.

Kalantaryan, A., Harutyunyan, S. (eds) 2002. Hayastani hnaguyn mškuyt‘ǝ 2 (Ancient Culture of Armenia 2). Yerevan (in Armenian).

Khachatryan, T. 1975. Drevnjaja kul’tura Širaka (III-I tys. do n.é) /(Ancient Culture of Shirak (3-2nd Millennia BC)/). Yerevan (in Russian).

Lyonnet, B., Akhundov, T., Almamedov, K., Bouquet, L., Courcier, A., Jellilov, B., Huseynov, F., Loute, S., Makharadze, Z., Reynard, S. 2008. Late Chalcolithic kurgans in Transcaucasia. The Cemetery of Soyuq Bulaq (Azerbaijan). AMIT 40: 27-44.

Muradyan, F. 2018. Early Bronze Age burial mounds in Avan. AJNES 12/2: 15-26.

Otčet Kvemo-kartliskoj arxeologičeskoj ékspedicii (1965-1971 gg.) /(Report of the Kvemo-Kartli Archaeological Expeditions (1965-1971)/). Tbilisi. 1975 (in Georgian).

Petrosyan, L. 2002. Č‘kalovkayi vał bronzedaryan dambaranǝ (The Early Bronze Age tomb of Chkalovka), in Kalantaryan, Harutyunyan 2002: 26-30 (in Armenian).

Petrosyan, L. 2018. Lčašeni dambaranadaštǝ I (Lchashen Necropolis I). Yerevan (in Armenian).

Sardaryan, S. 2004. Hajastanǝ k’ałak’akrt’ut’yan orran (Armenia as a Cradle of Civilization). Yerevan (in Armenian).

Smith, A., Badalyan, R., Avetisyan, P. (eds) 2009. The Archaeology and Geography of Ancient Transcaucasian Societies, Vol. 1: The Foundations of Research and Regional Survey in the Tsaghkahovit Plain, Armenia (OIP 134). Chicago.

Tbilisi I. Arxeologičeskie pamjatniki Tbilisi (Archaeological Sites of Tbilisi). Tbilisi. 1978 (in Georgian).

Tiratsyan, G., Kalantaryan, A., Areshyan, G. (eds) 1993. Hnagitakan ašxatank‘nerǝ Hayastani norakaṙuyc‘nerum (Archaeological Works in New Buildings in Armenia). Yerevan (in Armenian).

Torosyan, R., Xnkikyan, O., Petrosyan, L. 2002. Hin Širakavan (1977-1984 t‘t‘. pełumneri ardyunk‘nerǝ) /(Ancient Shirakavan (Results of Excavations in 1977-1981)/). Yerevan (in Armenian).

Tumanyan, G. 1993. rveži vał bronzedaryan t‘iv 1 dambaranabluri pełumnerǝ (Excavations of Early Bronze Age burial mound no. 1 of Jrvezh), in Tiratsyan et al. 1993: 7-14 (in Armenian).

Xnkikyan, O. 1977. Arhestnerə bronzedaryan Hayastanum (The Bronze Age Crafts in Armenia). Yerevan (in Armenian).

Xnkikyan, O. 2002. Syunik‘ during the Bronze and Iron Ages. Barrington.

Yesayan, S. 1976. Drevnjaja kul’tura severo-vostočnoj Armenii (Ancient Culture of North-Eastern Armenia). Yerevan (in Russian).

Published

31/05/2022

How to Cite

Khachatryan, H., Yeganyan, L., & Petrosyan, L. (2022). Newly discovered Early and Middle Bronze Age tombs in Shirak, Armenia. ARAMAZD: Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 15(1-2), 25–42. Retrieved from https://archaeopresspublishing.com/ojs/index.php/aramazd/article/view/1299

Issue

Section

Articles