Moesian and Dacian sigillata – exploring regional patterns

A methodological approach using chemical analysis by WD-XRF and p-ED-XRF


  • Małgorzata Daszkiewicz
  • Gerwulf Schneider
  • Marcin Baranowski
  • David Petrut
  • Viorica Rusu-Bolindeţ
  • Nicoleta Man


Chemical analysis by wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) was used to establish reference groups for Moesian
sigillata produced in Butovo, Pavlikeni and Novae in present day Bulgaria. Sigillata finds from Dacian sites (Buciumi,
Brâncoveneşti) were compared. Long-distance traded imports were easily identified as coming from Gaul (Lezoux, Les
Martres de Veyre, La Graufesenque). The rest of the finds and ten samples of local sigillata from Dacia (Micăsasa, Cristeşti)
could not be distinguished so easily by chemical analysis. Multivariate methods yielded ambiguous results and therefore in
publications they should not replace the original analysis results, as it is only the latter which allow the interpretation of
data to be verified, e.g. by taking possible alteration effects into account. Finally, the finds could not be attributed securely
to any of the regional workshops in Moesia or Dacia. More analyses are necessary to establish secure reference groups. With
all samples the use of portable XRF was tested. This method could be very important for future studies of museum objects.




How to Cite

Daszkiewicz, M., Schneider, G., Baranowski, M., Petrut, D., Rusu-Bolindeţ, V., & Man, N. (2022). Moesian and Dacian sigillata – exploring regional patterns: A methodological approach using chemical analysis by WD-XRF and p-ED-XRF. Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum Acta, 45, 541–550. Retrieved from