Les fouilles françaises de Abu Saiba (Mont 1). Données nouvelles sur la phase Tylos de Bahreïn (c.200 BC–AD 300)

Authors

  • Pierre LOMBARD CNRS (UMR 5133-Archéorient, Lyon)
  • Bérénice CHAMEL Université Lumière Lyon 2, UMR 5133-Archéorient, Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée, 7 rue Raulin 69365 Lyon Cedex 07
  • Julien CUNY Musée du Louvre, Département des Antiquités Orientales, 75058 Paris Cedex 01
  • Marianne COTTY Musée du Louvre, Département des Antiquités Orientales, 75058 Paris Cedex 01
  • François GUERMONT
  • Robert LUX
  • Lionel NOCA

Keywords:

Bahrain, Tylos, Abu Saiba, burial architecture, burial customs

Abstract

Since 2017, the French Archaeological Mission in Bahrain has been engaged in a research project at Abu Saiba, a major necropolis from the Tylos archaeological period of the island (c.200 BC–AD 300). The site appears as the typical, roughly circular, low mound generally constituting a Tylos cemetery, with a diameter of c.70 m and a height of c.4–5 m.

Fifty built graves have already been identified and eighteen were excavated by a team including a bio-archaeologist. The presence, above several of them, of a sandy mound covered with flat stones — a traditional marker of high status — shows the importance of the community buried there. The organization of the cemetery as well as the architecture of the tombs are discussed here, and special attention is paid to the burial rituals. Looting in antiquity was extensive but not systematic, and the few grave-goods recovered (glazed vessels, daily life items, jewellery, and adornments) indicate a main occupation covering the end of the first century BC and the first century AD. The identification of recurring Bronze Age pottery between the graves is puzzling and could indicate the existence, at a lower level, of an earlier cemetery from the early Dilmun phase.

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Published

31/08/2020

How to Cite

LOMBARD, P., CHAMEL, B., CUNY, J., COTTY, M., GUERMONT, F., LUX, R., & NOCA, L. (2020). Les fouilles françaises de Abu Saiba (Mont 1). Données nouvelles sur la phase Tylos de Bahreïn (c.200 BC–AD 300). Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies, 50(1), 225–241. Retrieved from https://archaeopresspublishing.com/ojs/index.php/PSAS/article/view/318