Characterising techniques and marine resource exploitation for Iron Age and Late Islamic lime production on Jubail Island (Abu Dhabi) : the 2021 archaeological investigations

Authors

  • Aurore Lambert eveha international
  • Corentin Biets
  • Benjamin Durand
  • Célia Casado
  • Élodie Lassalle
  • Paloma Lorente-Sebastián
  • Thibaut Peres
  • Jan Veron
  • Samara Broglia de Moura
  • Mark Jonathan Beech
  • Richard Thorburn Howard Cuttler
  • Peter Magee

Abstract

As part of Jubail Island’s development process, an archaeological intervention was undertaken by Eveha International in 2021, monitored by the Historic Environment Department at the Department of Culture and Tourism (DCT), Abu Dhabi. The scientific goals were to identify and characterise the archaeological settlements on Jubail Island and to define the site’s environmental context. Both Iron Age and late Islamic lime production were discovered through heap-burning kilns and constructed kilns, using coral and shells as raw material. The island was used for lime production over a long time period. No permanent settlements have been identified to date  and artefacts are few. The production seems to be opportunistic and intermittent in scale. Further research is needed to relate the late Islamic period production to the lifestyle shift of the nomadic population as they shed light on an unsuspected and underrated kind of lime production. That is part of a much larger occupation of the island and of the intricate socio-cultural history of Abu Dhabi’s development. Considering the surrounding surveys and Abu Dhabi historical development, it merits further investigation and promotion to the general public.

References

Anderson R.C. & Mather J.A. 2007. The packaging problem: Bivalve prey selection and prey entry techniques of the octopus Enteroctopus dofleini. Journal of Comparative Psychology 121 : 300–305.

Bakker M.-C. & Alhammadi M.Y. 2018. Liminality: narratives of identity on Abu Dhabi’s desert islands. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 48: 13–22.

Ben-Romdhane H., Jabado R. W.,Grandcourt E. M, O'Brien Perry R. J., Yousef Al Blooshi A., Marpu P.R., Ouarda T.B.M.J. & Ghedira H. 2020. Coral Reefs of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: Analysis of Management Approaches in Light of International Best Practices and a Changing Climate. Frontiers in Marine Science 7 : 1-17.

Balksten K. 2007. Traditional Lime Mortar and Plaster : Reconstruction with Emphasis on Durability. PhD Thesis, Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology.

Coleman S.E. 2014. The effects of boring sponge on oyster soft tissue, shell integrity, and predator-related mortality. PhD Thesis, Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina, 26 august 2022, https://doi.org/10.17615/jrw1-ry88

DCT Abu Dhabi. 2019. Jubail Island East, Abu Dhabi: Site Inspection in response to MePS Transaction number: B1N-2019-001846-SC01. Report dated March 13 2019. Abu Dhabi : Department of Culture and Tourism (DCT Abu Dhabi) Archaeology: Al Dhafra & Abu Dhabi, Historic Environment Department. [Unpublished circulated report].

Gardel A., Gensac E., Anthony E.J., Lesourd S., Loisel H. & Marin D. 2011. Wave-formed mud bars: their morphodynamics and role in opportunistic mangrove colonization. Journal of Coastal Research 64 : 384-87.

Grizzle R.E., Bricelj V.M., AlShihi R.M., Ward K.M., & Anderson D.M. 2018. Marine Molluscs in Nearshore Habitats of the United Arab Emirates: Decadal Changes and Species of Public Health Significance. Journal of Coastal Research 34 : 1157-75.

Guard M. 2004. A Rapid Assessment Of Live Coral Mining And Lime Production In Mtwara: Description and socio-economics in the buffer zone of Mnazi Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park. UNDP/GEF development of MBREMP Project Report, 26 august 2022, https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/45748

Hailwood E.A. & Whybrow P.J. 1999. Palaeomagnetic correlation and dating of the Baynunah and Shuwaihat Formations, Emirates of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Pages 75-87 in Hailwood E.A & Whybrow P.J. (ed.), Fossil Vertebrates of Arabia: With Emphasis on the Late Miocene Faunas, Geology, and Palaeoenvironments of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, New Haven, London: Yale University Press.

Hellyer P. 2002. Newly-discovered Coastal and Island Archaeological Sites in North East Abu Dhabi. Tribulus, 12: 5-11.

Hellyer P. & Beech M. 2001. C14 dating of Iron Age hearths on the island of Rufayq, Abu Dhabi. Tribulus (Journal of the Emirates Natural History Group) 11 : 21–23.

Lambert A., Durand B., Biets C., Casado C., Lassalle É., Lorente-Sebastián P., Peres T., & Veron J. 2022. Jubail Island protected areas 3 and 7 archaeological mission, late Islamic period and Iron Age lime production areas, 2021 Archaeological Report, Eveha International (France), 2 vol. [Unpublished circulated report].

Panda A. & Misra M.K. 2007a. Traditional lime preparation-A case study in coastal Orissa, India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 6 : 262–269.

Panda A. & Misra M.K. 2007b. Traditional methods of mollusc shell collection for lime preparation in East coast of India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 6 : 549–558.

Pearson M. 1990. The Lime Industry in Australia — An Overview. Australian Journal of Historical Archaeology 8 : 28–35.

Peebles R.G. 1999. Stable isotope analyses and dating of the Miocene of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Pages 88-105 in Peebles R.G., Whybrow P.J., & Hill A. (ed.), Fossil Vertebrates of Arabia, with Emphasis on the Late Miocene Faunas, Geology, and Palaeoenvironments of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Petersen A. 2012. Coastal Settlement In South-East Arabia During The Islamic Period. Pages 204–211 in Potts D.T., Hellyer P. (ed), Fifty years of Emirates Archaeology: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates. Haven: Yale University Press.

Smith E.G., Hazzouri K.M., Choi J. Y., Delaney P., Al-Kharafi M., Howells E.J., Aranda M., & Burt J. A. 2022. Signatures of Selection Underpinning Rapid Coral Adaptation to the World’s Warmest Reefs. Science Advances 8 : 172-187.

TCA Abu Dhabi. 2017. Archaeological Survey of Jubail Island: 19-20 February and 1 March 2017. Abu Dhabi : Department of Historic Environment, Abu Dhabi Tourism and Culture Authority (TCA Abu Dhabi). [Unpublished circulated report].

Thakuria T. 2012. An ethnoarchaeological study of shell fishing and lime manufacturing technique at Manikapatana, Orissa, India. Man and Environment 37 : 89–101.

Walker H.J. 1962. Coral and the Lime Industry of Mauritius. Geographical Review 52 : 325.

Yousif O.M. & Sen S. 2020. Reintroduction of red mangrove Rhizophora mucronata in Abu Dhabi Emirates, United Arab Emirates. World Journal of Advanced Research and Reviews, 7 : 210-217.

Published

08/01/2023

How to Cite

Lambert, A., Biets, C., Durand, B., Casado, C., Lassalle, Élodie, Lorente-Sebastián, P., … Magee, P. (2023). Characterising techniques and marine resource exploitation for Iron Age and Late Islamic lime production on Jubail Island (Abu Dhabi) : the 2021 archaeological investigations. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies, 52, 221–237. Retrieved from https://archaeopresspublishing.com/ojs/index.php/PSAS/article/view/1795

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>