Umm an-Nar pottery assemblages from Bāt and al-Zībā and their functional contexts


  • Conrad Schmidt
  • Stephanie Döpper


Bāt, al-Zībā (Zebah), Umm an-Nar period, grave and non-grave pottery, homogeneous material culture


The sites of Bāt and al-Zībā (Zebah) in the Sultanate of Oman offer a range of different archaeological features dating to the Umm an-Nar period. In this paper we present the pottery assemblages from two burial pits detected just outside a group of Umm an-Nar tombs in the necropolis of Bāt, from the monumental Building II in Area at Bāt, and from two house complexes in al-Zībā, which were all excavated by the University of Tūbingen between 2010 and 2015. By comparing the assemblages with each other, it will be demonstrated that there is a clear distinction in shapes, wares, and decorations between the burial pits, on the one hand, and Building II and al-Zībā, on the other. We argue, therefore, for a functional difference between grave and non-grave pottery in the Umm anNar period. Furthermore, we show that the Umm an-Nar pottery is astonishingly homogeneous in the whole of the northern Oman peninsula and discuss its implications for the understanding of the social structure at that time.






How to Cite

Schmidt, C., & Döpper, S. (2016). Umm an-Nar pottery assemblages from Bāt and al-Zībā and their functional contexts. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies, 46, 247–263. Retrieved from

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