A recently discovered Urartian stele dedicated to the god Ua from Avnik/Erzurum in East Turkey


  • Kenan Işık




Urartu, toponyms, god Ua, Avnik, ṭiribišuzi


What we know so far about Ua, one of the important gods of Urartu, was limited to a few attestations of this name in the Urartian inscriptions. A new inscribed stele fragment found in the vicinity of Avnik in the Erzurum region, in the northwest of the former Urartian Kingdom, reveals new suggestions about the god in question. The inscription on the stele fragment belonging to the Urartian king Sarduri II (756 – ca. 730 BC) helps to reconstruct and complete the missing and broken lines of another inscription previously found in Avnik. The new inscription related to the god Ua indicates that the region of Avnik was probably the place of his worship. At this point, it can be suggested that the cult of Ua existed in the Avnik region before the formation of the Urartian Kingdom and was included in the Urartian pantheon later. In all probability, the god Ua had a cult center here. Finally, judging by the itinerary of Sarduri II, we deal here with military expedition conducted towards the regions of the headwaters of the Araxes River, rather than a visit to the temple of the god Ua. In this study, some results will be shared along with transliteration and translation of the new inscription.


Çavuşoğlu, R., Işık, K., Salvini, M. 2010. New Urartian inscriptions from East Turkey. Or NS 79/1: 36-54.

Günaşdı, Y. 2016. Geçitler Ülkesinde Önemli Bir Urartu Kalesi: Avnik. TÜBA-AR 19: 113-135.

Hewsen, R.H. 1992. The Geography of Ananias of Širak (Ašxarhac‘oyc‘): The Long and Short Recensions / Introduction, Translation and Commentary by R.H. Hewsen (Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Oriens, Reihe B: Nr. 77). Wiesbaden.

Işık, K., Genç, B., Gökce, B., Kuvanç, R. 2019. Inscribed stelae fragments and a stela base recently found at Karahan, eastern Turkey, and the problem of Karahan in Urartian epigraphy. AJNES 13/2: 100-119.

Karageçi, M., Günaşdı, Y. 2019. Erzurum’da Önemli Bir Urartu Kalesi: Harami Kale. Kafkas Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 24: 649-667.

König, F.W. 1955-1957. Handbuch der chaldischen Inschriften I-II (AfO Beiheft 8, Teil I-II). Graz – Horn.

Lynch, H.F.B. 1901. Armenia. Travels and Studies, vol. I-II. London – New York.

Mellink, M.J., Porada, E., Özgüç, T. 1993 (eds) 1993. Aspects of Art and Iconography: Anatolia and its Neighbors, Studies in Honor of Nimet Özgüç. Ankara.

Orthmann, W. 1968-1969. Eine urartäische Inschrift in Avnik. AfO 22: 77-78.

Salvini, M. 1993. Reflexions about the Urartian shrines of the stelae, in Mellink et al. 1993: 543-548 (Plate 93).

Salvini, M. 1993. Una dedica di Išpuini e Minua al dio Ua. SMEA 31: 143-148 (Tavole I).

Salvini, M. 2008. Corpus dei testi urartei, vol. I. Le iscrizioni su pietra e roccia: I Testi; vol. II. Le iscrizioni su pietra e roccia: Thesaurus; vol. III. Tavole (DocAs 8/1-3). Roma.

Salvini, M. 2018. Corpus dei testi urartei, vol. V: Revisione delle epigrafi e nuovi testi su pietra e roccia (CTU A), dizionario urarteo, schizzo grammaticale della lingua urartea. Paris.



How to Cite

Işık, K. (2022). A recently discovered Urartian stele dedicated to the god Ua from Avnik/Erzurum in East Turkey. ARAMAZD: Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 15(1-2), 156–162. https://doi.org/10.32028/ajnes.v15i1-2.1302